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Fisheries & Biodiversity

Fisheries management today is a complex environment involving cooperative processes which include U.S. federal, multi-state, multi-tribal and Canadian representatives.

  • Inland fisheries are managed by the states of California, Oregon, Idaho and Washington.
  • The Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) manages the coastal waters to 200 miles off the coasts for Washington, Oregon and California.
  • The annual North of Falcon process governs the inland marine water for salmon fishing in Puget Sound, Willapa Bay, Grays Harbor and Washington State rivers.
  • Salmon and steelhead fisheries in the Columbia River and its tributaries are co-managed by the states of Washington, Oregon and Idaho, four treaty tribes and other tribes that traditionally have fished in those waters.
  • The 1985 Pacific Salmon Treaty, developed cooperatively by the U.S. and Canada, is implemented by the eight-member bilateral Pacific Salmon Commission (PSC), which includes representatives of federal, state and tribal governments across both borders.

There is a growing need for information on a larger scope to support these management organizations, including habitat evaluations, recruitment and dispersal analysis, harvest rates and totals, and ecosystem monitoring.

Areas of Emphasis

Related Topics

Harmful Algal Blooms

Ocean Acidification

Coastal and Estuarine Hypoxia

Coastal & Marine Spatial Planning

Related NANOOS Products

Forecast Information and Data Products for Fishers

Information and data products oriented towards commercial and recreational albacore tuna fishing communities.

Puget Sound Networked Profiling Buoy

Data from a profiling buoy located at Point Wells (north of Seattle). The sensor package measures a depth profile of oceanographic variables every hour from the sea surface to the sea bed.

Puget Sound ORCA

Oceanic Remote Chemical Analyzer (ORCA) measures physical, chemical, and biological water characteristics in Hood Canal.

Water Quality Data for Shellfish Growers

Real-time Water Quality Data for Shellfish Growers. A pilot project between NANOOS and the National Estuarine Research Reserve System.

CMOP/NANOOS Phoebe Glider (Quinault) Transect

Research mission is to support sustained characterization of events and gradient regions in the Washington shelf, with focus on the Grays Harbor line, and help enhance models.

NANOOS members involved in this effort include:

Regional Coastal Observing Systems



Central and Northern California

Great Lakes

Gulf of Mexico

Pacific Islands


Northeast Atlantic

Pacific Northwest

Southern California

Southeast Atlantic